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NAHUM

"Judgment of Ninevah"

By Dr. Edgar Pierce

(c) 2008

 

       Our approach to the the book of Nahum will be, "Nahum, Judgment of  Ninevah." Let us look at this precious prophetic book with the following outline for our consideration. Notice each chapter is given a title and it seems to break down naturally this way.

 

NAHUM

"Judgment of Ninevah"

I- The Judge of Ninevah 1:1-15

 

II- The Judgment of Ninevah 2:1-13

 

III-The Justification of Judgment of Ninevah 3:1-19  

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     I- The Judge of Ninevah 1:1-15

 

The Outline

1-    The Introduction: 1:1

       a- Who was Nahum?

       b- History of Ninevah.

       c- The City.

       d- Other Old Testament Judgment References and Passages.

2- Attributes of the Judge- 1:2-3a

       a-Jealous God. Ex 20:3-6

       b- Revengeth.

       c- Slow to anger.

       d- Just.        

3- Creation at His Mercy and Control. 1:3b-5

       a-    The weather. 1:3b

       b-    Seas and rivers. 1:4

       c-    Mountains quake. 1:5

4-    Who Can Stand? 1:6

       a-    Man cannot stand.  Rev 6:15-17

       b-    Assyria Cannot Stand. 2 Kings 18

5-    Assurance to Judah. 1:7-8

       a-    God is good. 1:7a 

       b-    A stronghold in trouble. 1:7b

6-    Assyria the Fallen Enemy. 1:9-11

       a-    Assyria the Conquer of Israel. II Kings 18:9-10

       b-    Prophecy of Assyria Defeat.  1:9-11,14

       c-    Prophecy fulfilled.

       d-    God judges the Assyrian gods. 1:14

7-    Ninevah's Yoke Broken- 1:12-13, 15

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 I- The Judge of Ninevah 1:1-15

 

1-    The Introduction: 1:1

       a- Who was Nahum? As we can see from the first verse Nahum was from the city of Elkosh.  This city was probably located in Judah. Some also say that the city of Capernaum is the Village of Nahum. However, the city of his birth and life is of secondary importance and needs not to be settled here. The date of the writing is in all probably 100-150 years after the book of Jonah. 

       Nahum means,"Consolation" or "Comfort." This is ironic because this is a prophecy of the total destruction of the nation of Assyria represented by here capital Ninevah. We must however remember that the Old Testament is written concerning the relationship of God to the nation of Israel. This prophecy would certainly comfort the nation of Judah (The southern Kingdom of Israel). 

       b- History of Ninevah. We find the first mention of Ninevah in Gen 10:11-12. The city was built by Nimrod. We also know from the book of Jonah that Ninevah had experienced a great revival under Jonah's preaching 100+- years prior to Nahum's prophecy. In Jonah we see the love of God and in Nahum we see the justice of God.

       c- The City. The city of Ninevah was certainly a great city in it's defenses. The city had a wall 100' high. The wall was wide enough for chariots to run around the top of the wall. The walls were 60 miles around with 1200 towers. A well defended city.

       d- Other Old Testament Judgment References and Passages.

Nahum is not the only Old Testament prophet to foretell the demise of Assyria. We will look at some of the following scriptures later in our study. Isaiah 10:12-19; 14:24-25; 30:31-33; 31:8-9; Ezek 32:22-23; Zeph. 2:13-15; Zech. 10:11.

2-  Attributes of the Judge- 1:2-3a

       a- Jealous God. Ex 20:3-6 One of the important things we must realize in our relationship with God is that He is jealous when we put someone or something before Him.

       b- Revengeth- "The Lord revengeth" Rom 12:19 says "Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord.."

       Deuteronomy 32:35 says, “To me belongeth vengeance, and recompence; their foot shall slide in due time: for the day of their calamity is at hand, and the things that shall come upon them make haste.”  God does not take revenge the way we do in our fallen human nature.

       c- Slow to anger. One of the most obvious attributes of God found anywhere in scripture is the longsuffering and slowness to anger of God.  (See: Is 48:9; Rom 9:22; I Pet 3:20; 2 Pet 3:9.)

       d- Just. "Will not acquit wicked."

       As we previously stated, Jonah shows the love of God and Nahum the wrath of God.  God has always required of mankind "Be ye holy for I am holy." God without His wrath would only be a sweet pie in the sky and man would not have any reason to fear and respect Him. Just as much as God is also a God of love He is a God that demands righteousness.

       These attributes of God as righteous Judge make the verses of Ps 85:9-10 precious. "Surely his salvation is nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land.  Mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other."             

3- Creation at His Mercy and Control. 1:3b-5

       a- The weather. 1:3b It says here the "Lord hath his way in the whirlwind and in the storm, and the clouds are the dust of his feet." We know that the Lord is sovereign in every thing and can and has chosen to use the natural disasters to speak to nations and men.

       b- Seas and rivers. 1:4 We have two biblical examples of the lord rebuking the sea. Ex 14:21 records the drying up of the Red Sea allowing the nation of Israel to cross on dry land. Josh 3:14-17 records the drying up of the Jordan River so that the nation of Israel could cross over into the Promised Land. This happened at the time of year when the river was at flood stage.

       c- Mountains quake- 1:5 The earth and all that God created recognize the creator. The earth trembles before the Lord.

4- Who Can Stand? 1:6

       The question is asked, "who can stand before the righteousness and fury of God."

       a- Man cannot stand. In Rev 6:15-17 we see there is a time coming  when man will not be able to stand before the fury of God. Revelation 6:15-17 “And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;  16And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: 17For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?”

       There are many scriptures that teach us this in other places as well. Consider these: I Sam 6:20; Ezra 9:15; Job 41:10; Ps 76:7; 130:3; Mal 3:2.

       We know that Ps 1:5-6 teaches us that the ungodly cannot even stand in congregation of the righteous. This is not because of man's righteousness but because of the Spirit of God that dwells within the saved man.

       b- Assyria Cannot Stand. In 2 Kings 18 we see that Sennacherib, King of Assyria, sent a message to King Hezekiah and had contempt for the Lord. 2 Kings 18:33 "Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria." The problem that the king had was he compared the true and living God to the dead gods of the other nations. We will discuss this later but for now let me say Ninevah was unable to stand.

5- Assurance to Judah. 1:7-8

       a- God is good. 1:7a  This is spoken in encouragement to Judah and not to Ninevah. God is assuring Judah that He could be counted on.

       b- A stronghold in trouble. 1:7b God has not forgotten you. He wanted them to know that He was going to deliver them.

       The promise in verse 8 is really a prophecy of how Ninevah would be taken and overthrown. We will deal with this prophecy later. Notice now however that God promise to Judah was He was going to destroy their enemy.

6- Assyria the Fallen Enemy. 1:9-11

 We are going to see that the Assyrian army will be defeated as they attack Judah. This is in addition to the destruction of Ninevah which is a separate event as we will see in chapter 2 and 3.

       a- Assyria the Conquer of Israel.

This prophecy is even more amazing when we consider that Assyria had already taken the sister kingdom of Judah, Israel (the northern kingdom) into captivity.

       2 Kings 18:9-10 says, "And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah...Shalmanezer king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it....at the end of three years they took it...and the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria..."

       b- Prophecy of Assyria Defeat  1:9-11,14

       Most Bible scholar agree that the one that comes against Israel here is Sennacherib, King of Assyria.

       We see in Isaiah 36:1 that Sennacherib invades Judah and captures some of the cities and comes against Jerusalem. This happened during the 14th year of the reign of Hezekiah. This is only 8 years after the fall of Israel. We notice in Isaiah 36:18-20 that Sennacherib makes the mistake of comparing God to the other nations gods. (See Isaiah 44:8)

       When the messenger, Rabshakeh comes to tell Hezekiah the demands of the Assyrian king we see in Isaiah 37:1 that Hezekiah, "rents his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth and went into the house of the Lord." Hezekiah brings his problem to the Lord.

       The promise that God sends to Hezekiah by the prophet Isaiah is, "...Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me. Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumor, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land." Isaiah 37:6-7. We find that the promise is even more remarkable when we see in Isaiah 37:33-34 "...He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shields." 

       c- Prophecy fulfilled.

       In my opinion this is one of the most dramatic fulfillment of any prophecies in the word of God. Isaiah 37:36 says "Then the angel of the Lord went forth, and smote in the camp of Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand...." The army was smote during their sleep by the angel of the Lord.

       We see in Isaiah 37:37-38 the fulfillment of the prophecy concerning the king. "So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Ninevah. And it came to pass, as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword..."

       These events are mentioned three times in the Old Testament. (See 2 Kings 18-19; 2 Chronicles 32; Is 36-37)

       c-    God judges the Assyrian gods. 1:14

       God tells Assyria that he is going to bury them as a nation and destroy their gods. R. Campbell Thompson and R.W. Hutchinson reported that the statue of the goddess Ishtar lay headless in the debris of Nineveh's ruins. ("The British Museum Excavations on the Temple of Ishtar at Ninevah, 1930-1," Annuals of Archaeology and Anthropology, 19, pp. 55-6) The Babylonians destroyed the gods of the Assyrians when they overthrew the city in 612 B.C.

7- Ninevah's Yoke Broken- 1:12-13, 15

       Ninevah had been used by God to judge Israel over the years. Not only the attack of Sennacherib in 701 that we discussed previously in detail but Judah also paid tribute to Assyria during the reign of Manasseh. In addition Manasseh was taken captive by Assyria. (see 2 Chron. 33:11)

       We see in 1:12 however that it was not Assyria that did this but it was the sovereign God who used them as a instrument of judgment. "...though I have afflicted thee..."

       "...I will afflict thee no more.." God says that the affliction of Assyria was going to end. 1:12 says that God was going to "break the yoke."

       In 1:15 we see that God tells Judah to keep the feast and to worship him. This is especially sharp in contrast to the destruction we saw of the gods of Assyria in 1:14.

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II- The Judgment of Ninevah 2:1-13

 

       We come now to the second chapter of Nahum which I have titled, "Judgment of Ninevah." We are going to see an amazing prophecy concerning the way that Ninevah was to be overthrown. This section is very graphic and vivid in it's description of the overthrown of the city of Ninevah.

       God has made it clear in chapter one that He is going to destroy Ninevah. He said to them, "I will make thy grave, for thou art vile." 1:14 The actual fulfillment of this amazingly accurate and historical prophecy took place 100 years of so after Nahum's prophecy. The city was so completely destroyed that it was not until 1850 that the site was located by archaeologist.

 

The Outline:

I will use the following outline for our study of chapter 2.

1- The Attack: 2:1-6

       a- Instrument of God- Babylon. 2:1

       b- Prepare for Attack. 2:1

              A- Guard Fortress.

              B- Watch The Roads.

              C- Brace Yourselves.

              D- Marshal Strength.

       c- Encouragement for Judah. 2:2

       d- Awesome Enemy. 2:3-4 Description of Attack.

       e- The Stumbling Army. 2:5

       f- The Gates of the River Open. 2:6

2- The Defeat: 2:7-10

       a- Meaning of Huzzab? 2:7

       b- Cry of Halt Heard. 2:8

       c- Spoils of Ninevah Plundered. 2:9

       d- Fear in the Hearts. 2:10      

3-    The Plundering of the Lions Den:  2:11-13

       a- The Lion of Ninevah. 2:11-12

       b- Note of Finality. 2:13      

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1- The Attack: 2:1-6

       The first section of this chapter show us a very graphic prophecy of the attack of Ninevah.

       a- Instrument of God- Babylon 2:1

       We know from history this instrument God used was the Babylonians in alliance with the Medes. The leaders were Cyaxares from the Medes and Nabopolassar from Babylon.  Ninevah was destroyed in 612 B.C.

       b- Prepare for Attack 2:1

       Nahum tells the Assyrians, who thought that their capital was impregnable, to get ready for the attack.

              A- Guard Fortress

       Nahum tells them to "keep the mutition..." The NIV translates this "...Guard the fortress." This cry is ironic when we consider the strength of Ninevah at the time. We know that Nahum was merely speaking what God knew was going to happen.

              B- Watch The Roads.

       Again the NIV gives us the translation "watch the roads." He is saying, "Ninevah get ready and watch for you demise is coming."

              C- Brace yourselves.

       KJV translates this "...make thy loins strong."  The NASV translates it, "...Strengthen your back."

              D- Marshal Strength.

       Warm up your muscles, exert your strength. NASV says, "...summon all your strength."

       I notice a sense of sarcasm from Nahum here much like Elijah did to the prophets of Baal when he told them to shout and cry because Baal, their god, might be asleep. I Kings 18:27 Nahum says to them that regardless of their preparedness that God is going to judge them and there is nothing they can do to prevent being overthrown.

       c- Encouragement for Judah. 2:2

       We have here in verse 2 an encouragement to Judah. They are told that God will restore them even thought it might look like this is now possible.

       d- Awesome Enemy 2:3-4 Description of Attack

       We now come to the vivid picture of the overthrow of Ninevah prophecy.

       "...The shield is made red..." is understood various ways and may indeed mean several things. Among them is shields that are covered with leather dyed red. Another interpretation is that the invading armies shield are made red by the blood of the killing. Some scholars think this could have been copper covered shields that looked red in the sun. Most agree that the color is to strike terror into the enemy.

       In the words, "...the valiant men are in scarlet" We also see the scarlet color of the dress of the armies that attacked.

       The chariots also were covered with polished metal that made them appear as fire. They attacked swiftly as they approached the city.

       2:4 The chariots also are seen inside the city streets rushing about. The red tunics on the heads of the Medo-Babylonians troops look like flames of fire upon their heads because they are moving so swiftly.

       e- The Stumbling Army 2:5

        The Hebrew word translated "worthy" is 'addiyr (ad-deer'); and means, "wide or (generally) large; figuratively, powerful."  In the KJV this same Hebrew word is also translated, "excellent, famous, gallant, glorious, goodly, lordly, mighty (-ier one), noble, principal, worthy."

       NIV translates it, "...He summons his picked troops..."

       There are two different interpretation of who these troops are in verse 5. One school of thought is that they are the men of Assyria who stumble in haste to the wall to defend the city and fall over themselves in haste. The other theory is that these are the attacking troops who rush to carry out the orders during the attack so swiftly that they slip on the bloody streets.

       I personally think the latter makes sense in the context of the passage. The word "...defense" here is "cakak" (saw-kak'); or sakak (saw-kak'); which means, "a primitive root; properly, to entwine as a screen; by implication, to fence in, cover over, (figuratively) protect."  Other places in the KJV it is translated "cover, defense, defend, hedge in, join together, set, shut up." The NASV translates it "...matelet is set up." The matelet was a portable shield under which the invader was protected from the besieged defenders on the walls above. This seems to make it understood that these troops are the invaders who hide under their shield during attack.

       f- The Gates of the River Open 2:6

       The city of Ninevah was located on the east side of the Tigris river. The west side of the city had a river wall 4,530 yards or 2 1/2 miles + long. The city was also defended by moats on the other three sides. These moats were regulated by gates or dams that controlled the water flow.      

       The thing that help to protect the city would ultimately be its demise. The city walls were breached by the army after a flood on the river. This was in the third year of the siege.

       You will notice also that the, "...palace shall be dissolved." The palace in the most secure city of it's time was literally going to collapse. We might say that this was hitting close to home (Pun Intended) for the King.

2- The Defeat: 2:7-10

       We come to the next section of the outline, "The Defeat."  This section reads of a conquered enemy who is afraid and fleeing and who has lost its spoils of war.

       a- Meaning of Huzzab? 2:7

       This verse is a puzzle unless we understand what is meant by "...Huzzab." The word is translated in the KJV as a proper name but it is better understood to mean, "It is decreed"  Strongs Concordance give us the following: "natsab (naw-tsab'); a prim root; to station, in various applications (literally or figuratively):"

According to Strongs this same word is translated in the KJV as, "appointed, deputy, erect, establish, lay, officer, pillar, present, rear up, set (over, up), settle, sharpen, establish, (make to) stand (-ing, still, up, upright), best state.

       Strongs says it is translated, "Huzzah [by mistake for a proper name]."

       I personally like the way the NIV translates this, "It is decreed that the city, be exiled and carried away."  The city is going to be lead away captive and mourning will be heard. The defeat is at hand.

       b- Cry of Halt Heard 2:8

       The pool of water in verse 8 is understood as the population of the city. The leaders of the city cry for the people to, "Halt" in response to their fleeing. Notice that the people don't respond however. They are so panic stricken that they want to get out of the city.

       c- Spoils of Ninevah Plundered. 2:9

       We see here is verse 9 that the spoils of the city are plundered. There is no instruments of gold and silver found by the archaeologist when they dig in Ninevah. This city was a very wealthy city. They had acquired great wealth from all their wars and plundering other nations. It is only fitting that they were plundered as they had plundered. The wealth in Ninevah is said here to be "...endless." NIV

       d- Fear in the Hearts. 2:10      

         Remember in verse 8 that the people would not stop. My friends this is a terrifying time for Ninevah. Allow me to use the NASV to show the meaning of this verse. "...Hearts are melting and knees knocking! Also anguish is in the whole body. And all their faces are grown pale."

       The Assyrians knew that they were hated by the world and when they say that they would be defeated they feared greatly. Vengeance is going to be taken upon them. My friend, God has the last word to say in all things.

       It is said here that the city is, "empty, and void, and waste."   This is,"...pillaged, plundered and stripped."

3-    The Plundering of the Lions Den: 2:11-13

       This section is sort of a parable of the lions den used to illustrate the overthrow.

       a- The Lion of Ninevah.2:11-12

       The nation of Assyria used the lion as their national symbol like the eagle is the symbol of the USA. Nahum ask  where the young lions are now. The city may have had some live lions inside it but this probably refers to the young men of the city. Whether this is literal lions or the strength of the army the point is they are gone.

       These lions were once well fed but now they have nothing to eat. All has been taken by the enemy.

       b- Note of Finality. 2:13

       This verse has a very strong pronunciation of doom for Ninevah. Only here and in Ezekiel concerning  Gog (See Ezek 38-39) does God use this strong language. "Behold, I am against you..."  Again I remind us this is God judging Ninevah and not the Babylonians and the Medes. The nations of this time would give credit to the national gods when an enemy was overthrown but Nahum is quick to point out this is Jehovah's doing. The note of finality that Jehovah has for Ninevah is that, "...the voice of thy messengers shall no more be heard."   

       The attack is complete and the city is annihilated. God has judged Ninevah. Again I remind us that this prophecy is not going to be fulfilled until many years pass but it was fulfilled just as Nahum stated under the leadership of the Holy Spirit of God. Ninevah could stop the judgment of the sovereign God. 

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III-The Justification of Judgment of Ninevah 3:1-19  

 

             As we arrive at chapter 3 of our study of Ninevah's judgment we see the reason for the judgment. We have mentioned several times the brutality and the cruelty of Assyria. We are going to see the "Justification of the Judgment of Ninevah." What Jonah longed to see Nahum sees in his vision of a prophet, the destruction of Ninevah. Chapter 3 also revisits for us the doom of Ninevah. Chapter 3 has been called the Lament and the Epitaph of Ninevah.

       God has used Assyria as a instrument of judgment in the past. Some in Israel questioned how a pagan ungodly nation like Assyria could get away with the proverbial, "murder." In fact Ninevah was not going to get away and God was completely justified in judging her because of the wickedness of her sins.

The Outline:

1- Woe to the City: 3:1

       a- Bloody City. 3:1

       b- Full of Lies. 3:1

       c- Full of Robbery. 3:1

2- Countless Corpse 3:1b-3

       a- Endless Prey. 3:1b

       b- Endless Corpse. 3:3

3-    Justification for Judgment 3:4-7

       a- Mistress of Sorceries. 3:4

       b- Sells Nations. 3:4

       c- Sells Families.  3:4

       d- Who will grieve? 3:7b

4-    Example of Past Judgment 3:8-10

       a- Example of No-Ammon (Thebes) 3:8

       b-    Comparisons of the 2cities.

              1-    Surrounded bywater. 3:8

              2-    Allies were not enough. 3:9

              3-    Children killed men taken.   3:10

5- Your City Is Really Defenseless. 3:11-16

       a-    Ripe for the pickings.3:12

       b-    Your men are like women. 3:13

       c-    Get ready. 3:14-16

6-    Point of no return. 3:17-19

       a-    Scattered without anyone to gather them. 3:18

       b-    No healing of wound. 3:19

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1- Woe to the City: 3:1

       We see that the prophet Nahum says Woe to the city. This is a very grave pronouncement upon Ninevah. We are going to see some of the reasons for the judgment being just here in the first verse.

       a- Bloody City. 3:1

       It is called a bloody city. Remember Assyrians were a very brutal people. Some see these verses as the attack on the city itself.

       b-Full of Lies. 3:1

       Ninevah had aspired to be the capital of the world. Ninevah could not be trusted to keep her treaties only when it suited her purpose.

       c- Full of Robbery. 3:1

       The word translated "Robbery" in KJV is translated "...Plunder" in the NIV and "...pillage" in NASV. This verse is saying the great riches the city possessed were not really their own but from the robbery of others.

2- Countless Corpse 3:1b-3

       a- Endless Prey. 3:1b

       Ninevah had been so brutal that there was never an end to her prey.

       b- Endless Corpse. 3:3

       The killing was endless. The bodies were piled on top of each other.

3- Justification for Judgment 3:4-7

              As if this we have already looked at were not bad enough, look now at some more justification.

       a-  Mistress of Sorceries. 3:4

       The nations courted this harlot city for what it could give them. This is also referring to the occult practices.

       The patron god of Ninevah was Ashur who was cruel and warlike. Ninevah took this as an indication that they were to be like their god. Any nation becomes like what it worships.

       b- Sells Nations. 3:4

       Ninevah would court the other nations to bring them under captivity. She would literally sell out anyone.

       c- Sells Families.3:4

       Assyria would literally deprive people of their liberty by taking them captive and selling them into slavery.

       d- Who will grieve? 3:7b

       God told them he bear their nakedness to show the whole world. Then a statement that is very shape in contrast to the city of Babylon in the book of the Revelation which the world grieved over. Here it is said that no one grieved.  People were actually relieved over the overthrow on Ninevah. Notice v. 19 also says, "all that hear the bruit of thee shall clap the hands over thee."

4- Example of Past Judgment 3:8-10

       God is going to now give Ninevah an example out of their own history to illustrate how fragile their city really was when judgment comes.

       a- Example of No-Ammon (Thebes) 3:8

       For an example of a city that thought it would never be conquered Nahum gives the example of No-Ammon also known as Thebes. It was the capital of upper Egypt. It was located on both banks of the river Nile. Jeremiah in Jer 46:25 and Ezekiel in Ezek 30:14-16 had prophesied about its destruction. The Assyrians were the very ones who had destroyed this city.

       b- Comparisons of the 2 cities.

       Nahum makes a comparisons of Ninevah and No-Ammon to show Ninevah just how precarious of a position she was really in.

              1- Surrounded by water. 3:8

       Ninevah was bordered on the Tigris river and No-Ammon was bordered on the Nile.

              2- Allies were not enough. 3:9

       Nahum reminds Ninevah that No-Ammon had allies that were suppose to defend it from attack. Ethiopia and Egypt were buffers to attack. These allies were not enough to protect it. Remember that Ninevah was hated by all nations and had not allies.

              3- Children killed men taken.3:10

       God reminds Assyria that this once proud city that thought itself untakeable was indeed taken. Her men were taken into captivity and her children killed.

5- Your City Is Really Defenseless. 3:11-16

       God has done a good job of convincing them that they were not as secure as they thought. They probably did not hear Him however.

       a- Ripe for the pickings. 3:12

       He tells them now that they are ripe for the picking just like a tree ripe with fruit lets go of its fruit when shaken.

       b- Your men are like women. 3:13

       The ultimate insult to these men of Ninevah was to be called a bunch of women.

       c- Get ready. 3:14-16

       Nahum gives a little more sarcasm here when he tells them to get ready. He also tells them it will not do them any good.

6- Point of no return. 3:17-19

       The just God of the nations is justified in the judgment of Ninevah. He says here that they are past the point of return.

       a- Scattered without anyone to gather them. 3:18

       They are going to be scattered and no one is going to be available to call them back together. Today there are no Assyrians, they have ceased.

       b- No healing of wound. 3:19

       The wound is fatal. God is justified in destroying you and it is going to happen. God is a loving God but God is also just my friends.

 

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