Daniel:

The Prophecy of History

by Dr. Edgar P{ierce

© 2000 Dr. Edgar Pierce

 

OUTLINE:

Accidents Just Don't Happen.........................................1:1-6

Purposed in His Heart................................................1:5,7-21

The 2 views of 5 future Kingdoms...................2:1-29; 7:1-28

A Walk in the Fire.........................................................3:1-30

Nebuchandnezzar's Testimony of God.........................4:1-37

The Handwriting on the Wall.......................................5:1-31

A Lion For His Pillow....................................................6:1-28

The 70 Weeks of Israel's History..................................9:1-27

History Written Before it Happened.............8:1-27; 11:1-35

A Chronology of the Ungodly Kings

The Unseen Spiritual Battle........................................10:1-21

Prophecy of the End Time...................................11:36-12:13

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Accidents Just Don't Happen…..Daniel 1:1-6

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Daniel contains some of the most beloved and enjoyed stories of the scriptures. Stories such as, The Three Children in the Fire, Daniel in the Lions den, The handwritting on the wall, and many more. This book however is anything but a book of stories. It is one of if not the most important books contained in scripture.

Daniel is a prophetic book and contains the cornerstone of future prophecy. In Daniel we see the accuracy of God's word when it speaks prophetically. We will explore this first section an attempt to answer several questions. First, who was Daniel? Second, why did God allow the captivity of His people? Third, when was the book of Daniel written and by whom?

Who was Daniel?

Historic Background:

To begin to answer who was Daniel we must first understand something of the political climate that occurred during his life. The time is 605 B.C. and the Northern Kingdom, Israel, has been in captivity for over a hundred years. Assyria, which had taken Israel into captivity has been overthrown by Nebuchadnezzar who is King of Babylon.

The prophet Daniel lived in the Southern Kingdom, Judah. Jeremiah is the prophet in the Southern Kingdom. Jeremiah tells Judah that God is going to sent them into captivity. Jeremiah 25:8-13 8 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words, 9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations. 10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle. 11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. 12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations. 13 And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.

The Babylonians will lay siege to Jerusalem on at least three occasions. In 605 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar occupied the city and allowed Jehoiakim to rule as his puppet King. He carries away the Temple treasures and key royal seed to Babylon. Daniel and his three friends are taken (See 2 Chron 36:5-20 for historic account) The second siege was in 597 B.C. and takes the rest of the temple treasures along with Ezekiel the prophet. (See 2 Kings 24:14-16) Then in 586 B.C. during the reign of Zedekiah, who was Judah's last king, Nebuchadnezzar returns and punishes the rebellion lead by Zedekiah who failed to heed the warning of Jeremiah. The walls are destroyed and the city burned. Zedekiah witnesses his two sons being killed and is taken into captivity. (See II Kings 25:7ff) Judah ceased to exist as a nation.

Daniel the Prophet:

The name Daniel means, "God is My Judge." Daniel is a teenage of about 15-17 years old when the events of Daniel 1 take place. Of all the character in the scriptures Daniel is one of the most beloved character. He is an example of purity for us. Along with Joseph there is no evil recorded about Daniel. He however was not without sin as we see recorded in the ninth chapter by his own confession.

In Daniel 1:3 we see that he was of royal blood and a descendant of the lineage of the Kings of Judah. He would live and die in captivity. He would however see 70 years later the first of the return to Jerusalem to rebuild the city.

Most important of all is that Daniel is also a prophet. Christ called him a prophet. (See Matt 24:15, Mark 13:14.) We also see him as a prophet by his prophecies recorded here.

Why did God allow the captivity of His people?

One of the things we will find out in our study of Daniel is the accuracy of the prophecy that is found within it concerning the kingdoms that would come after the Babylonian kingdom. To answer the question of why God allowed the captivity of His people we need to see the words of the prophets. Look again at the words of Jeremiah 25:8-9 "Therefore...Because ye have not heard my words, Behold, I will send and take all the families of the North...and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant and will bring them against the inhabitant thereof...and will utterly destroy them....and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years." We see the reason they are taken into captivity is they did not hear the word of God. We see that Nebuchrezzar is called the "Servant" of God. God uses the pagan world to judge the nations of Israel and Judah on several occasions. We know that God was judging the nation of Judah for it's sin.

Notice now the second verse of Daniel says, "And the Lord gave Jehoiakim...into his hand." Why is this verse important? The prophet Isaiah had prophesied this some 100+ years before and God's word will come to pass. II Kings 20:12-19 records this. Hezekiah after God had added 15 years to his life receives a present and letters from BerodachBaladan king of Babylon. He shows all of the treasures of the House of God to the Babylonians. We pick up reading at II Kings 20:14ff. Notice especially, "Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house...shall be carried into Babylon...saith the Lord. And of thy sons...shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon." We also find this prophecy recorded in Isaiah 39:1-8. The descendants of Hezekiah would be taken captive and make eunuchs. This was fulfilled in Daniel 1:3. God sometimes delays judgment but it is certain. So we can say in addition to the punishment of the sins of the people that were alive at the time God was also sending judgment for the sins of the past. We know also it was to fulfill the prophecy. My, my isn't the word of God amazingly true!

When was the book of Daniel written and by whom?

The enemies of the Bible would like us to believe that Daniel was only a fictious character and not a real life individual. They have a special problem with the book of Daniel in that the prophecy is so historically accuracy that they must discount it as prophecy and declare it to be written after the fact or after 170 B.C.. We certainly reject this later dating of the writing of Daniel and declare it's date to be when the events transpired in Babylon. Let me share several reasons for this.

A- The Septuagint, the greek version of the Old Testament, contained the Book of Daniel and it predates the 170 B.C. time.

B- The Dead Sea Scrolls contain the book of Daniel.

C- Josephus, noted Jewish Historian, records the High priest Jaddua went out to Alexander the Great when he was marching toward the city and showed him the prophecy of this event and Alexander spared the city.

D- Ezekiel the Prophet, whom you will remember was carried away into Babylon at a later date than Daniel, spoke of Daniel. Ezek 14:14 compares Daniel's righteousness to Job and Noah. In Ezek 28:3 Ezekiel speaks of his wisdom.

E- As we have stated before Christ in Matt 24:15 during the Olivet Discourse called him a prophet.

So in the face of the evidence, both biblically and externally, we can say that Daniel the prophet, inspired by the Holy Spirit, wrote his divine prophecy. To reject Daniel as a prophet and his word as the word of God is to reject God and the foreknowledge of God which is declared plainly in Isaiah 46:9-10"Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done..."

With God, "Accidents Just Don't Happen!"

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Purposed In His Heart.....Daniel 1:5,7-27

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The Heart of A Man!

The scripture teaches us that the heart of a man is the center of life. Prov. 4:23 says, "Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life." The heart of a man is what really determines his character according to Prov. 23:7, "For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he..." Christ also told us this on the occasion when His disciples ate without washing their hands in Matthew 15. Notice what our Lord said in Matt 15:18, "But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man."

The recorded and unrecorded history of man is full of occasions when a man strong of heart did what was right in the sight of the Lord. Scripture records many of the men who purposed in their heart to do right and follow God. We have recorded here that Daniel was such a man who "purposed in his heart" to follow after right.

Brainwashing Begins! 1:5-7

We see that the four boys that were taken into captivity were first given a new diet of Babylonian food and a new name. Nebuchandnezzar was trying to make them eat, speak, and become Babylonians. J.V. McGee said, "An attempt will be made to brainwash these young men, to make them Babylonians inwardly and outwardly." (J.V. McGee, Thru the Bible with J.V. Mcgee, vol. III, page 530.)

The new names that the four were given were from the pagan deities of Babylon.

Hananiah "Lord is Gracious" becomes

Shadrack "Illuminated by the Sun god."

Mishael "Who is the Lord' becomes

Meshack, "Who is Ishtar".

Azariah, "The Lord is my Help" becomes

Abendnego, "The slave of Nabu." Nabu was the god of wisdom and education.

Daniel, "God is Judge" becomes,

Beltshazzar, "Bel's Prince." Bel was the ruling god of the Babylonian pantheon.

In 1:8 we notice that Daniel submits to the new name but not to the new diet.

What was the reasons for refusing the diet?

The reasons that most bible scholar give for the Daniel refusing to eat the Kings meat and the Kings wine is threefold. First the meat and wine had probably been sacrificed to the pagan idols of Babylon. This meat would have been repulsive to a godly Israelite.

The second reason that is given is that it would have broken the Law given and explained in Lev 11:44-47 For I am the LORD your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 45 For I am the LORD that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy. 46 This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that creepeth upon the earth: 47 To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten.

The third reason many believe the meat was refused was Daniel may have taken a Nazarite vow of Num 6:3 He shall separate himself from wine and strong drink, and shall drink no vinegar of wine, or vinegar of strong drink, neither shall he drink any liquor of grapes, nor eat moist grapes, or dried.

Following God instead of man. 1:9-14

Daniel was brought into favor with Melzar, the leader he was under, according to 1:9. Daniel ask for a test to be conducted. We need to understand the magnitude of this refusal to eat the Kings meat. Melzar was afraid for his life in 2:10 if he did not carry out the orders. Certainly Daniel was faced with a great temptation to surrender to this. After all it was ordered by the King and to refuse would be death. Also the chance for advancement would be sacrificed if he didn't go along. When in Rome do as the Romans do; or at least when in Babylon do as the Babylonians do. He could have reasoned, it's God's fault he allowed me to be in this situation anyway I'll do what is easy. After all no one will ever know, I'm a long way from home.

I remind us that Matt 6:24 says, "No man can serve two masters: for either He will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold the one, and despise the other." The Apostles faced with a similar situation. When rebuked for preaching Jesus by the Sanhedrin they replied, "...we ought to obey God rather than men." Acts 5:29

The Reward of Faithfulness 1:15-21

Harold Willmington in his lectures says this is the first great miracle in the book of Daniel. In just ten days, which should have made little difference, there was a marked and noticeable difference. 2:16 shows us because of this difference Daniel and his friends were allowed to continue without defiling themselves. In some ways the battle was won with the first blow. It was easier for them after their first stand. Friend, when we, "purpose in our heart" the first time the second will be easier. Sometimes the beginning is the hardest. This is the way we build our faith in God by seeing Him come through in one situation builds our faith that He will in others.

In 2:17 We notice that not only did God honor their faithfulness in the ten day period but during the three year training period (see 1:5) God gave them superior learning and wisdom. When the three years was over they were ten times better than the others according to 1:20. Willmington says that this was the second great miracle of Daniel, I agree. Not only were they better than the ones who were going through the same training but the others in Nebuchandnezzar's court also.

God continued to honor the faithfulness of Daniel for some seventy years under both Babylonian and Persian kings. He would eventually become Prime Minister of two world empires. One of the most important things that we need to carry forward into our future lectures is found in 1:17 where we see that Daniel was given the ability to interpret visions and dreams. As we will see next session this will save his life.

Developing the Picture:

1- God does require obedience to His word regardless of our circumstances.

2- Our right relationship to God affects everything that we do including our countenance.

3- God has indeed called us to be a separate people while we live in the world. 2 Cor 6:17 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you,

Col 2:20-22 Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world, why, as though living in the world, are ye subject to ordinances, 21 (Touch not; taste not; handle not; 22 #9; which all are to perish with the using;) after the commandments and doctrines of men?

4- God is a rewarded of those who serve Him faithfully.

5- Men have the opportunity and the responsibility to do what is right and what is in the heart will come to the surface.

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The 2 views of five future Kingdoms....2:1-29; 7:1-28

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We will look in this lesson at one of the most accurate and unbelievable prophecies every revealed to man. Notice with me Daniel 2:28-29 which states that the events of the vision of Nebuchadanezzar will be, "What shall be in the latter days...what should come to pass hereafter....what shall come to pass." So we know that the vision is concerned with things of the future from the time of Daniel.

There are two visions in the book of Daniel that deal with the four world empires to come. Here in chapter 2 and Daniel's vision in chapter 7. We will attempt to combine the two vision of the world empires. These four empires would be future from the time of Daniel. We see that there were to be five world rulers yet to come from the time of Nebuchadanezzar until the second coming of Jesus the Messiah. The four world rulers and the Messiah. Now the question arises what were the two visions?

The Two Views of Five Kingdoms:

We have two different visions that deal with the coming kingdoms of mankind that we need to explore. Someone has said that we will see the kingdoms from man's point of view in Nebuchadanezzar's vision and from God's point of view in the vision of Daniel in chapter 7. Man see the kingdoms of man as precious and God see them as vicious beasts.

1- A Statue and a Stone

The first vision is found in Daniel chapter two. Nebuchadanezzar has a dream of a statue. Daniel 2:31-35 gives us a description of the statue or "great image."

The great statue had a head of gold, chest and arms of silver, stomach and thighs of brass, and calves of iron and feet of iron and clay mixed. We see that Daniel is given the interpretation of this dream in 2:36-40f as five kingdoms which were to come. Four ruled by men and the final one, the kingdom of Christ.

2- The vision of the four Beast.

We now turn to the vision of Daniel in Daniel 7:1-8. Here Daniel is given a vision of four beasts. These four beasts will clearly identify the four kingdoms that will come from the time of Daniel. He sees a vision of a lion with eagle wings, a bear with three rigs in its mouth, a leopard with four wings of a fowl, and a monster beast with iron teeth. We have the interpretation of these in Daniel 7:15-17, "...he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things. These great beast, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth."

These descriptive animals are descriptive of these kingdoms and are key in identifying the kingdoms. I remind us that Daniel did not have to wait until history happened to know these things. History merely vindicated the book of Daniel and the accuracy of the Prophecy of History.

Exploring the Kingdoms:

We will explore each Kingdom by combining the two visions. First allow me to identify the four kingdoms that would come from the time of Daniel before the ultimate kingdom of Christ. First is the Babylonian Empire of Nebuchadanezzar followed by the kingdom of the Persian and Medes. Next was Greece with Alexander the Great as leader which was divided into four parts at his death. Rome with it's Caesars, the fourth kingdom was the one in existence at the time of Jesus on earth .

I offer the following to help us understand the four human kingdoms in this prophecy as well as the fifth, or the ultimate kingdom to come.

First Kingdom- Babylon:

Symbols of the Kingdom:

In Nebuchadanezzar 's Vision

Head of Gold- Daniel 2:37-38

In Daniel's Vision

Lion with eagles wings- Daniel 7:4

Human Representative:

Nebuchadanezzar

Time Span in History:

606 B.C. - 539 B.C.

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Second Kingdom- Medes & Persians

Symbols of the Kingdom:

In Nebuchadanezzar's Vision

Chest and Arms of Silver- Daniel 2:39

In Daniel's Vision

Bear with 3 ribs in mouth- Daniel 7:5

Human Representative:

Cyrus

Time Span in History:

539 B.C. - 331 B.C.

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Third Kingdom- Greece:

Symbols of the Kingdom:

In Nebuchadanezzar's Vision

Stomach & Thighs of Brass- Daniel 2:39

In Daniel's Vision

Leopard- Daniel 7:4

Human Representative:

Alexander the Great

Time Span in History:

331 B.C. - 323 B.C..

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Fourth Kingdom- Rome:

Symbols of the Kingdom:

In Nebuchadanezzar's Vision

Legs & Feet of Iron and Clay-

Daniel 2:40-43

In Daniel's Vision

A one horned monster with terrible

teeth- Daniel 7:7-8

Human Representative:

Historically: Caesars

Prophetically: Anti-Christ

Time Span in History:

Historically 332 B.C. - 476 A.D.

Prophetically: Future

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Fifth and Final Kingdom- Christ

Symbols of the Kingdom:

In Nebuchadanezzar's Vision

Great Stone- Daniel 2:44-45

In Daniel's Vision:

Son of Man- Daniel 7:9-14

Representative:

Christ

Time Span in History:

Kingdom is now in hearts of Believers.

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NOTE: Explore the overthrow of each of these kingdoms in future studies and lectures. Most notably will be the 5th, 6th, and 9th sessions if you will refer to the Outline above.

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A Walk In The Fire.....Daniel 3:1-30

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Who among us has not heard the story of the three Hebrew children who were thrown in the fire. However, at times the sheer familiarity of the story leads itself for us to pass over it lightly. We see some mighty things concerning God and his providential care of His children in this story. We also see some very strong prophecy in symbols in this chapter of Daniel. I will thus divide our exposition of this chapter into these two parts: The Providential Care of God and The Prophecy in Symbols.

The Providential Care of God.

A Statue of Gold: 3:1

As we seek to understand the providence of God in this story we must first begin with an understanding of the statue that Nebuchadanezzar set up on the Plains of Dura. Daniel 3:1 in The Living Bible says, "King Nebuchadanezzar made a golden statue ninety feet high and nine feet wide and set it up on the Plain of Dura." Someone has estimate that the statue of gold would weigh 4.4 million pounds and would be worth 2.5 billions dollars with gold at $33.00 an ounce. At $400.00 and ounce it would be 28,000,000,000+ (28+ billion). This just goes to show the wealth and ego of Nebuchadanezzar.

We might ask why he made the statue? Remember that Daniel had told him that he was the head of gold in the statue of chapter 2. He wanted however to be the whole and not just the head. This really shows his disregard for the God of Heaven at this point of his life. The second reason is he wanted a one world religious system. This is the goal of Satan for mankind. We will discuss this in the second part of this study.

Babylonian Bebop: 3:2-7

At the sound of the music there was a decree to bow and worship the statue. J.V. McGee called this the "Babylonian Beboppers or the Babylonian Beatles." The penalty for disobeying was the death penalty. The Babylonians had an especially cruel way of carrying out this sentence. They would throw them into the fire. The Romans crucified, the Jews stoned, the forefathers in America hanged but the Babylonians burned.

Now the stage is set that will surely get the three friends of Daniel in trouble. They were in a position where standing up for what they believe could cost their lives.

Over Our Dead Bodies: 3:8-18

"Be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image..." 3:18. We see that these three remarkable young men refuse to bow to the false god. This has its roots in the teaching of the Ten Commandments found in Exodus 20:3-4. "Thou shalt have no other gods before me. Thou shalt not make unto thee graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above , or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth."

The motivation of the others in 3:8ff was probably jealousy of these three. Notice what the response was in 3:17 to the Kings question of if they were ready to bow down and who their God was that could deliver them. They said, "...our God ...is able to deliver us...."

3:18 "But if not" states that they said that even if God would not deliver them from death that they would still not bow down and worship. If you would allow my paraphrase they said, "over our dead bodies we will worship the statue."

A Walk In the Fire: 3:19-25

We come to the providential care of a loving father to his children. The faith of the three Hebrew children was well founded in the God who was able to deliver. Nebuchadnezzar give the command to throw them into the fire. The fire was so hot that it killed the strongest men they could find to bind them and throw them into the fire (see 3:22). The only thing that was burned on them was the ropes that bound them hand and foot.

3:25 One of the most remarkable things however, was the fourth man who walked with them. I personally believe here we have the Lord Jesus Christ himself in a Christophony, or a pre-Bethlehem appearance of Christ. A promise to Israel that was literally fulfilled here. Isaiah 43:1-2 "But now thus saith the Lord that created thee, O Jacob, and he that formed thee, of Israel, Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art mine. When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee."

The three young men exited the fire without any harm on their bodies or clothes. We might ask where did the fourth man go when the other three exited the fire. I submit He is still in the fire walking with us today when we go through the blazes of life.

God is Acknowledged 3:26-30

Nebuchadanezzar makes a decree that no one was to speak against the God of the three Hebrews. This is a building block of his faith that we will explore in chapter 4.

The world will look to see how we walk in the fire and will judge our faith and even our God by our walk at these times.

The Prophecy in Symbols.

We need to spend a few moments on the prophecy that is contained in this section of the book of Daniel. Remember that our Lord Jesus referred to Daniel as a Prophet therefore we must constantly explore the prophecy of the prophet. We have the practical application of the protection of the saints that we have just mentioned but what is the prophetic teachings?

"Times of the Gentiles"

We find this phrase mentioned many places in scripture. This period of time was referred to by Christ in Luke 21:14 as the times when, "...Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the time of the Gentiles be fulfilled." (also see Rom 11:25-26; Zech 12:10-11).

The "Times of the Gentiles" started with the Babylonian captivity of Jerusalem in 586 B.C. and extending until the second coming of Jesus Christ. The times of the Gentiles begin with a statue and end with a statue. (See Daniel 3:1 and Revelation 13:4, 11-12.)

NOTE: We will study this more when we get into chapters 9, 11 and 12 of Daniel and the Revelation.

The Babylonian System:

We need to go deeper into history to fully understand the prophecy of Daniel. In Genesis 10-11 we have the story of the Tower of Babel and a man named Nimrod. Nimrod is a type of the Anti-Christ in that he set up a system of one world religion without God. Babylon is not just a city. It is a political and religious system that is opposed to God's plan for man. In the time of Nimrod there was one language and one government. Nebuchadanezzar sought to establish this same type of system. He had the Chaldean language taught that he might unite the world with one language. This is a picture of the Anti-Christ who will seek to do the same as he establishes his one world system.

Prophetic Typology of this story:

As we have already seen Nebuchadanezzar is a type of the Anti-Christ that will come during the Great Tribulation. The three Hebrew children are seen as a type of those who will suffer persecution at the hands of the Anti-Christ. Most notable the 144,000 whom God will preserve during the tribulation. Notice also that Daniel is noticeable absent from the scene here. Some theologians see Daniel as a type of the church which is raptured out before the tribulation. The fiery furnace is identified as the tribulation Israel has suffered and will suffer.

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Nebuchadnezzar's Testimony of God....Daniel 4:1-37

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We have here a most interesting section of the book of Daniel. The personal testimony of Nebuchadnezzar the King as he professes his faith in the God of Daniel, Jehovah. He is going to give his personal testimony of how he came to faith. First we notice this portion of scripture is written in the first person from Nebuchadnezzar's viewpoint. The Old Testament is primarily a book that deals with the nation of Israel and we must remember that this is a pagan, heathen, Gentile king. We will also answer the question, "Was Nebuchadnezzar a saved man?".

The following is my outline of this section.

Nebuchadnezzar's Testimony of God 4:1-37

A- Introduction: My Testimony 4:1-3

B- The Dream of the Tree 4:4-18

1- A Giant Tree 4:4-13

2- Hew Down the Tree 4:14

3- Band Up the Stump 4:15

4- Walk On The Wild side 4:16-17

C- Daniel Reveals the Meaning 4:19-27

1- You Are The Tree 4:20-23

2- This is the Interpretation 4:24-27

D- Dream Becomes Reality 4:28-33

1- Twelve Months Later 4:29

2- pride goeth before destruction 4:30

3- Immediately Fulfillment 4:31-33

E- Sanity Restored 4:34-37

1- Eyes Toward Heaven 4:34

2- State & Status Restored 4:36

3- Nebuchadnezzar My Brother 4:37

F- Prophetic Viewpoint and Application

1- King Type of Gentile Nations

2- 7 Years of Insanity is Tribulation

3- Restoration Pictures Christ Return

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A- Introduction: My Testimony 4:1-3

Nebuchadnezzar ruled over his kingdom for 43 years. (605-562) B.C.) The events of this chapter most scholars feel took place in the later part of his reign. He had built his kingdom and was basking in it when this took place. Some have seen this being thirty years after the events of chapter three. Notice the difference in this proclamation and the one in chapter 3 about the statue worship. Nebuchadnezzar has changed his tune, if you may. He calls God, the "...Most high God." This was a common name for God used forty-three times in the OT, mostly by Non-Jews. (See Gen. 14:18-20; Num. 24:16; Isa. 14:14). "It stresses the omnipotence and exalted, transcendent majesty of God." (Layman's Bible Book Commentary, Ezekiel, Daniel, Vol. 12, p.132)

B- The Dream of the Tree 4:4-18

This is the second dream of Nebuchadnezzar that Daniel is called on to interpret.

1- A Giant Tree 4:4-13

The dream was one that troubled the King and he wanted it interpreted. He dreamed of a giant tree that everything in nature rested and found shelter under. It was as tall as the sky. A massive tree indeed.

2- Hew Down the Tree 4:14

The command was given by an "angelic watcher" (NASV) was to cut down the tree and to cut it's branches off.

3- Band Up the Stump 4:15

The stump however was to be banded with iron bands.

"In the ancient world this was done to keep the stump of a felled tree from splitting, thus making it possible for the tree to grow again. God still had a purpose for Nebuchadnezzar." (Willmington Guide to the Bible, p. 231)

4- Walk On The Wild side 4:16-17

The narrative changes in midstream from a tree to a man in verse 15. The man is to lose his mind and be like a beast.

The purpose of this happening is revealed in verse 17 as being, "In order that the living may know that the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind, And bestows it on whom he wishes, And sets over it the lowliness of men." NASV. God is going to teach the King that He is the one in charge of the nations and the thrones of the world are His for the giving.

C- Daniel Reveals the Meaning 4:19-27

Daniel is disturbed by what he is about to tell the king. The king prods him to tell him the interpretation.

1- You Are The Tree 4:20-23

Just as Nebuchadnezzar was the head of gold he is also this tree. He has become a world ruler who has a massive, rich and powerful kingdom.

2- This is the Interpretation 4:24-27

The man will be the King himself who will be driven away from civilization and live as an animal for seven years. He will sleep under the stars and eat like the cattle until the time passes and he recognizes God's sovereignty.

D- Dream Becomes Reality 4:28-33

We see here the literal fulfillment of this prophetic dream.

1- Twelve Months Later 4:29

By this time the King had probably forgotten the dream and was at ease in his kingdom. He was walking on his roof top and admiring the beauty of the city. According to Lehman Strauss and other, the city had the famous hanging gardens of Babylon, the impressive walls that were 350 feet high and 87 feet thick, 35 feet below the ground to prevent tunneling. The walls were wide enough for 6 chariots to drive abreast. 250 watchtowers were on the wall which was surrounded by a mote of water. My what a city, BUT, he forgot God.

2- Pride goeth before destruction 4:30

The scripture teaches us that pride always leads to downfall. Man is a creature of pride as we all can testify. Is not this great Babylon that "I have built...my power...my majesty."

3- Immediately Fulfillment 4:31-33

Daniel tells us it happened immediately that the King went insane. "While the words was in the kings mouth." The same hour was the prophecy fulfilled concerning the king's fall.

"His malady has been identified as a form of insanity called lycanthropy, which causes a person to imagine himself to be an animal and to act like one." (Layman's Bible Book Commentary, Ezekiel, Daniel, Vol. 12, p.133)

"The king's insanity is corroborated by history. Josephus quotes from a Babylonian historian named Berasus who mentions a strange malady suffer by the king. There is also the testimony of Abydenus, the Greek historian of 268 B.C." (Willmington Guide to the Bible, p. 232)

E- Sanity Restored 4:34-37

After the seven years were complete the kingdom was restored to Nebuchadnezzar He will reign only a short time after this before his death.

1- Eyes Toward Heaven 4:34

The king looks toward heaven and his reason returns. Any man with the sense God gave him looks toward Heaven.

2- State & Status Restored 4:36

Notice that his, reason, the glory of has kingdom, his honour and brightness, (NASV says, majesty and splendor), counselors...lords returned to him. His former state was restored and his statue in the kingdom was returned. This is in itself a major miracle. One is left to wonder who ruled for the seven years he was absent. Maybe Daniel because he was second in charge?

3- Nebuchadnezzar My Brother 4:37

We have a parting praise of Nebuchadnezzar for God here. We said we would give our opinion on, "Was Nebuchadnezzar saved?".

"The three words praise, extol, and honor are active verbs, indicating continued action. In other words, Nebuchadnezzar continued praising and glorifying God long after his restoration. This would hardly be the action of a pagan." (Willmington Guide to the Bible, p. 232)

I feel that this is proof enough for us to state that we will someday see Nebuchadnezzar in God's heaven.

F- Prophetic Viewpoint and Application

I again remind us that Daniel is a prophet and the books primary purpose is to prophesy of the events that will transpire until the, "Times of the Gentiles" be fulfilled. We will again use the typology found here to explore the deepest meaning of this story.

1- King Type of Gentile Nations

King Nebuchadnezzar is a representative of the entire Gentile nations and world system. Some interesting parallels can be drawn between Nebuchadnezzar and the coming consummation of the age. The King is in a state of self reliance when he is afflicted.

"Nebuchadnezzar's great humiliation in becoming a beast for seven times (seven years), points ut to the end of the Gentile age....Apostasy from God will be the great characteristic of that end. There will be no more looking up to God, but the attitude of the beast will be the attitude of the nations." (Gaebelein's Concise Commentary, p.640)

2- 7 Years of Insanity is Tribulation

The seven year period is certainly ironic to say the least. The nations of the world will be turned to "insanity" during the seven years of tribulation on the earth. The Anti-christ will reek havoc on the world during this time as well as the judgments of God. M.R. DeHaan, said,

"This is typical and prophetic of that seven year period of time between the Rapture of the Church and His second coming again, during which God is going to remove all restraints, permit the Antichrist to have free reign, and man wills succeed in almost annihilating himself where it not for the sudden intervention of the Lord Himself." (Daniel The Prophet, p.134-135).

3- Restoration Pictures Christ Return.

The restoration of Nebuchadnezzar is seen as prophetic of the Millennium which will be the result of the return of Christ. This will be a time of peace and reign by the Messiah.

This is the last mention of the great King Nebuchadnezzar, our brother except when Daniel reminds his grandson of what happened here. This is not without some important significance. Remember that he is a type of the nations of the world. The last thing that the nations of the world will do is the same thing that Nebuchadnezzar last did. He praises God and so will the nations. Is 45:23 states a verse that is quoted in Romans 14:11 and Phillipians 2:10, "I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mount in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear."

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Handwriting on the Wall...........5:1-31

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What fear would grip us if all of a sudden a hand came out and started writting on the wall of our church or home. That is what happened to Belshazzar in this story. God's hand of prophecy wrote the demise of the kingdom of Babylon. This portion of Daniel is one of instant fulfillment of prophecy. Daniel refused the rewards from the King because he knew the Kings demise was imminent. The very night this prophecy was given it was fulfilled. The handwriting on the wall is a most familiar story to the Bible student today. We will see in this portion the fall of Babylon the great dynasty.

Outline:

I- The King's Party 5:1

II- Touching the Holy 5:2-4

III- God Points His Finger 5:5-9

IV- Forgotten Daniel 5:10-16

V- How Soon You Forgot 5:17-23

VI- This Writing Was Written 5:24-29

VII- Enter Darius Exit Belshazzer 5:30-31

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I- The King's Party 5:1

The identity of King Belshazzar has been debated over the years by historians. Who was he? When we last left the history of Babylon Nebuchadnezzar was king. He ruled for 42 years and when he died in 562 B.C. he was succeeded by Evil-Merodach who only ruled for two years before he was murdered in August 560 by Neriglissar, his brother in law. He ruled four years from 560-556 B.C. and is know in Jeremiah 39:3, 13 as Nergal-Sharezar. When he died he was succeeded by his son Labashi-Marduk who only ruled for two months before being assassinated by Nabonidus. Nabonidus would reign for 17 years until 539 B.C. when Babylon was overthrown by Darius. (See 5:31)

Still this leaves us without King Belshazzar in the lineage of kings. So who was he? The scripture calls Nebuchadnezzar his father. (5:2; 11,13). Allow me to explain. Belshazzer was the eldest son of Nabonidus who had married Nebuchadnezzar's daughter From this marriage Belshazzar was born. So Nebuchadnezzar was his father in this sense. Nabonidus chose not to make his capital Babylon and appointed Belshazzer as co-regent to rule with him during his reign although he was only second in command. This explains the very unusually promise of Belshazzar to make the one who would interpret the dream third in the kingdom. According to Daniel 5:7; 16, 29, the King promised they would be "third ruler in the Kingdom" because second place was already taken by him.

II- Touching the Holy 5:2-4

King Belshazzar was an arrogant young man. While the city was under siege from an invading army he threw a party. He felt safe from his enemy. If fact the city had a 20 year supplies to weather any attack. He throws a large party with many guest. "Archaeologists have excavated a large hall in Babylon 55 feet wide and 165 feet long that had plastered walls." (The Bible Knowledge Commentary, p1344) This may have been the very hall in which this scene took place.

During the party he showed his contempt for the holy things of God. Remember that Nebuchadnezzar had carried away the vessels used in the tempole to worship God. (See Daneil 1:2) Belshazzar called for these sacred instruments that had been taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar when he raided the Jerusalem temple. During the party and in his drunken stupor (or stupid which ever you prefer) he touched the holy things of God and used them in a perverse matter to worship his pagan gods.

III- God Points His Finger 5:5-9

Suddenly a hand appears and writes on the wall in Arabic. This so disquiets Belshazzar and his guest that he his knees knocked from fear. He was instantly sober my friend from fear. Harold Willmington said he, "immediately turned from a drunken pink to a frightened white." (Willmington's Guide to the Bible, p. 233)

Verse seven records his turning to the wrong source in time of help. He cries to his magician and sorcers. They could not help him because this was heavenly writing and not earthly. They were earthly and not heavenly. The things of God were and still are spiritually descerned. (see I Cor 2:14)

IV- Forgotten Daniel 5:10-16

Daniel was not present at the party nor was the Grandmother of Belshazzer, Nebuchadnezzar's wife. She enters and tells Belshazzer of the forgotten man of God who can tell the meaning fo the writting on the wall. Notice the sarcasm of the King in 5:13 when he almost with disdain says to Daniel, "Art thou Daniel, which art of the children of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of Jewry?" He attempts to put Daniel in his place so to speak.

V- How Soon You Forgot 5:17-23

Daniel says to the king, keep your gifts you have nothing lasting to offer me. 5:18-21 is a sermon that reminds the King of what God had done for Nebuchadnezzar and the lesson he had learned. (See chapter 4) Then he says to Belshazzer, "thou hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this..." If you would allow, "How soon you forgot" You have committed sin against the God of Heaven and he is the one who holds your breath in his hands.

Daniel tells the king in a matter of frank way that he was arrogant, stupid and prideful. This was a bold move on the part of Daniel and could have cost him his life.

VI- This Writing Was Written 5:24-29

The message from God was three fold in nature. Allow me to give us a lengthy quote to explain this from The Bible Knowledge Commentary.

"It was brief, containing only three words with the first word repeated. MENE (mene') is an Aramaic noun referring to a weight of 50 shekels...It is from the verb menah, "to number, to reckon." TEKEL

(teqel) is a noun referring to a shekel (2.5 of an ounce). It is from the verb teqel, "to weigh." PARSIN (parsin) is a noun menaind a hal-mina (25 shekels, or about 2/3 of a pound). It is from the verb peras, "to break in tow, to divide." The word on the wall was actually Uparsin which means "and Parsin" (p. 1346)

God allowed Daniel to interpret what the wisemen could not. First, God had numbered the days of the king and in fact the time was running out. Second, the king had been weighed and found wanting, he fell short of God's measure. Third, his kingdom was taken and given to another. Isaiah had predicted that Babylon would fall in Isaiah 21:1-10 and 47:1-5 some 200 years prior to this happening. This had been prophecied even before Babylon was even a power that could fall.

VII- Enter Darius Exit Belshazzer 5:30-31

Dateline: Babylon October 12, 539 B.C.

Headlines: army conquers the unconquerable city when river dries up.

The river Euphrates ran through the city from north to south. The Persian army was camped on the north and south. They diverted the water into a lake and marched into the city unopposed and overthrew it. Darius the Mede took the kingdom just as Daniel had predicted that very night. (see 5:28)

God fulfilled this prophecy almost instantly and I suspect while Daniel was speaking the invasion was in full swing.

 

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A Lion For A Pillow...............6:1-28

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What if God called upon us to face a den of hungry lions for our faith? What if we were callled upon by our faith to be willing to die, could we and would we?

We come to the best known and best loved story in the book of Daniel. The story of Daniel in the lions den. Every child who has attended Sunday School very many times will be familiar with this story. It is a chapter that is filled with many different teachings. We see the end result of jealousy, the pray life of a mighty warrior, the end result of those who plot the demise of God's man, and many more things could be discerned out of this chapter of Daniel. I will follow the following outline for the teaching of this chapter.

Outline:

Reorganization of the Kingdom 6:1-3

Jealousy of the Other Rulers 6:4-5

Setting the Trap 6:6-9

Prayer life of a Giant 6:10

Springing the Trap 6:11-15

A Lion For His Pillow 6:16-17

No Sleep for the King 6:18-20

God Delivers Again 6:21-23

Supper a Day Late 6:24

Decree of the King 6:25-27

Prophecy Outlook

Application To Life

Exposing the Text:

Reorganization of the Kingdom 6:1-3

By this time in his life Daniel is somewhere around eighty years old. He has been the leader in the kingdom of Babylon that has just been overthrown. I find it simply amazing that he will become as powerful and important immediately in the new government. This bears testimony of his reputation for being a man of integrity and wisdom. God in His providence protects and evelates Daniel.

The Mede/Persian kingdom is organized into 120 providences with a prince over each one. Over these 120 princes are three presidents of which Daniel was one. "The word president is translated "commissioners" in NASV and "administrators" in the NIV. This is a Persian word that means, "chief." (Layman's Bible Book Commentary, p.137)

So we see that Daniel is in an important position of the kingdom that is set up by the Medes and the Persians.

Jealousy of the Other Rulers 6:4-5

There is a high price to be paid to be a leader and that usually is the scorn and envy of those "would be's." Daniel is preferred over the other two presidents and the King was going to place him over the others. This bring jealousy and scorn from the others.

They sought to find something wrong in the way Daniel conducted business but found none. They turn to something that they knew would get him, his devotion to Jehovah God.

Setting the Trap 6:6-9

They knew that Daniel was a man of God who was in the habit of praying with his window open. They doubtless had observed this habit before. They trick the King into signing a law that could not be reversed. This law was a trap for Daniel. How could the King be tricked into doing this we might ask. He was puffed up with flattery and pride. The decree was for the King alone to be worshipped and he was blind by his own ambition.

Notice in verse 7 that the men lied to him. They said, "all the presidents..." We know that Daniel was a president and would never has conceded to this. This is a deceitful trap.

Prayer life of a Giant 6:10

We observe here the prayer life of a giant of God. Notice this was the pattern and not the exception for Daniel. He did not use God only in times of emergency. We find a pattern in the book of Daniel of his prayer life. When Nebuchadnezzar demanded that his dream be interpreted Daniel called a meeting with his friends for prayer. We will also find him praying in the ninth chapter when the greatest prophecy of all time was revealed to him.

We see that he was in the habit of praying three times each day. He opened his window toward Jerusalem and prayed. Remember that he is in captivity in Babylon and away from Jerusalem. This direction of prayer was established by God during Solomon time. (see I Kings 8:44-45, 48; II Chron. 6:34) They faced the temple and this was a sign of the heart right with God.

Springing the Trap 6:11-15

Knowing this would happen they quickly ran to the King to spring the trap. They reminded the King of the decree that he had made concerning any man who would pray for 30 days. Notice in verse 14 that the King realized he had been tricked and tried to deliver Daniel from the trap but to no avail. The law of the Medes and Persians was irrevocable even by the one that signed it into law.

A Lion For His Pillow 6:16-17

The King has no choice but to throw Daniel in the lions den. The King seals the door up and puts his seal on it. Daniel went into the lions den of hungry lions and I would like to think used one for his pillow as he got a good nights sleep. Daniel should have been consummed by these lions but God shut their mouths.

No Sleep for the King 6:18-20

While Daniel probably slept the opposite was true for the King. He lay awake all night and worried. The next morning he arose and went early and cried out to Daniel to see if he was alive.

God Delivers Again 6:21-23

God delivered again as He did the three faithful Hebrew children in the fire. Daniel called out what must have been music to the ears as well as an astonishment to the king, "Oh, king live forever." Notice how quick that Daniel is to praise God for the deliverance. He knew it wasn't his power of persuasion that had kept the lions at bay but the hand of God.

Supper a Day Late 6:24

Notice that the lions were indeed hungry when Daniel spent the night among them. The King commands that all Daniel accusers were to be thrown into the lions den as well as their families. They did not reach the bottom of the den before they were killed and devoured. The lions had supper but it was a day late.

Decree of the King 6:25-27

The King makes a decree that the God of Daniel was to be worshipped. This was possible because they lived in a very polytheistic (which means they worshipped many deities) culture and Daniel's God would only be another. Daniel has been a faithful witness for Jehovah in the midst of the circumstances of his lifetime. What an example for us.

Prophecy Outlook

Remember Daniel is a prophetic book. What is the prophetic teaching of this chapter? Once again Darius, as Nebucandnezzar was, is a picture of the Antichrist that will come during the great tribulation time. Daniel is a picture of the preservation of Israel during the tribulation. (Rev.7,13, 14)

Application To Life

What is the application today? We do not face today in America the possibility of the lions den for praying. If we did, most of us would not have enough evidence to convict us anyway. We still see that God in His providence and at His choosing can and does deliver his children from harm.

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The 70 Weeks of Israel's History...............9:1-27

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We have come to one of the most important prophecies ever revealed by God to man. This is known as the "70 weeks of Daniel." It is on the foundation this prophecy that all of the others end time prophecies are understood. If we fail to understand this section we will have failed in our understanding of all of prophecy.

Dan 9:1 Some remarkable prophecy unfold in this chapter but first lets understand the setting. Remember Daniel had been taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar and had lived 70 years in captivity. The kingdom is now the kingdom of the Medes and the Persians. Darius the Mede was king.

Dan 9:2- Most scholars believe Daniel was the one who guarded the writings of the prophets such as Jeremiah during the captivity years. As he read the prophecy of Jeremiah he discovers that the captivity was about to end and that the Jews would be allowed to return to rebuild Jerusalem. (see II Chron 36:21; Jer. 25:11)

9:3-19 This has been called the prayer of a prophet. Daniel upon discovering this truth, "set his face unto the Lord God..." He prayed to God and confessed the sins of the nation. 9:10. He ask God for mercy in 9:16-19. What an indictment against us. Here is Daniel the great prophet and yet he willingly humbles himself before God. We miss God a lot of the time because of our stubborn pride.

Another point for us is prayer is also a time of listening to God. As we are still before Him He can speak. Someone said the most important time in pray is after we say amen and shut up so God can speak.

We certainly could make a case for using Daniel as an example of a praying man. He is indeed a man of prayer.

The Prophecy of Seventy Weeks:

In Daniel 9:20-27 is found this remarkable prophecy. Harold Willimington says it is, "The most important, the most amazing, and the most profound single prophecy in the entire Word of God." (Willmington's Guide to the Bible, p. 237)

These are the most concentrated verses of prophecy anywhere in the Bible. The full history of Israel from the time of Daniel until the time of Christ return at the end of the great tribulation is given in them. Remember Israel is unique it that it is the only nation with a past, present and future guaranteed by God.

Seventy What?

For us to understand the prophecy we must first understand what is meant by Daniel when he speaks of "seventy weeks." in the KJV. To help us understnad this allow me to quote portions of Daniel 9:24 from several other translations.

NIV "seventy sevens..."

Amplified "seventy weeks [of years, or four hundred and ninety years.]"

Good News Bible "seven time seventy years is the length of time God has set for freeing your people."

NASV footnote "or units of seven."

Another consideration is the content of the seventy weeks. Daniel is thinking of seventy years of captivity. If I were told to go to the store for a dozen of something I would have to know what was on my wife's mind to understand a dozen of what. It could be a dozen of eggs, light bulbs, corn on the cobs or whatever. By Daniel having his mind on seventy years of captivity that he has in mind years. It is thus very natural for us to assume that Daniel has in mind seven groups of seventy years or four hundred and ninety years.

"To further clarify the meaning of the seventy weeks, it should be noted that Israel had in its calendar not only a week of seven days (as in Ex. 23:12) but also a 'week' of seven years (Lev. 25:3,4,8-10; Gen. 29:27,28). In other words, God is telling Daniel that he would continue to deal with Israel for another 400 hears before bringing in everlasting righteousness." (H.L. Willmington, Willmington's Guide to the Bible, p. 237)

Allow me to offer a simple explanation for understanding the seventy weeks. The period is a total of 490 years in which the history of Israel to be completed. This is the seventy sevens or seventy weeks. Remember a week is one seven or seven years. We additionally see the 490 years are broken down into three divisions for us in the scriptures.

First Period: 9:25

This is a period of 7 weeks or 49 years. This took place from 445-336 B.C. The start of the time table was when the decree went forth to rebuild Jerusalem. Nehemiah 1-2 tells us this was during the reign of Artazerzes. The Encyclopedia Britannica dates this decree on March 14, 445 B.C.

Dan 9:25 says the walls would be rebuilt in "troublous times." Nehemiah 4:16-17 records that the walls of Jerusalem were indeed rebuilt during troublous times.

Second Period: 9:26

This second period of time is for 62 weeks or 434 years. When these two periods of time when added together they comprise a total of 483 years. [49 + 434 = 483] The event that would take place at the end of this period of time was the death of Messiah or Christ.

A British Scholar, Sir Robert Anderson, has calculated the first two periods of time as follows.

483 years

x 360 days (Gen 7:11, 24; 8:3-4 says 360 days is a #9; biblical year.)

173,880 days (Number of days in 483 biblical years.)

From March 14, 445 B.C. to April 6, 32 A.D. is 173,880 days. It is on this day that Christ entered Jerusalem and on this day that the Pharisees plotted to kill Him.

Another important matter needs discussed. Dan 9:26 says Messiah would be "cut off , but not for himself." Who was he cut off for? He was cut off for You and I as we see in I Pet 3:18 which states "...the just for the unjust..." in referring to Christ death.

Time Out- Church Age

We must remember that we are dealing with the nation of Israel and not the world in this chapter. Rom 10:19; 11:11,25 teaches us that Israel is set aside for a time. The church age was a mystery in the OT. It should not surprise us that the church age is passed over in this prophecy. God's prophetic calendar was suspended for the church age at Calvary.

Third Period- 9:26b-27

Israel has completed the first 69 weeks or 483 years of the 490. This leaves Israel a total of seven years to go. This is from the rapture to Armageddon. The event that will take place in this period prophesied here is the Antichrist will make a treaty with Israel and break it in the middle of the seven years. We will study this more in the last lecture in Daniel.

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History Written Before It Happened....8:1-27; 11:1-35

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At the sound of sounding repetitive I wish to state that this is a most remarkable portion of biblical prophecy. It is minutely accurate and is in fact, "History Written Before It Happened."

We will look at this section, which is quit long, in two divisions. Chapter 8 will give us the vision of the ram an the goat. Chapter 11 will give us some amazing prophecy about the ungodly kings that came on the scene of history. Remember this prophecy was written prior to the occurance of these events.

The Vision of the Ram and the Goat 8:1-27

Date and Place of Vision: 8:1-2

8:1 The dating of the vision of Daniel is the third year of Belshazzar or 550-549 B.C.

8:2 Daniel was transported in the vision to the river Ulai.(see Ezek. 8:3; Rev 17:3 for similar occurrences.) This river Ulai was, "a man made canal located near the Persian City of Susa (or Sushan, the ancient capital of Elam.)" (Layman's Bible Book Commentary, p. 141.)

The Ram and The Goat: 8:3-5

8:3-5 In his vision Daniel sees two animals by the river. The first is a "ram which had two horns..." This ram had two horns and one of these horns was longer than the other. "Marcellinus, a fourth-century historian, states that the Persian ruler bore the head of a ram as he stood in front of his army." (Willmington's Guide to the Bible, p. 235)

The two horns of the ram represent the Medes and Persian empire. The rams power was so great that he had conquered all the world. Dan 8:4 says he had pushed in all directions.

The next animal seen is a goat with only one horn like the legendary unicorn. The goat has one horn growing between his eyes. This goat is Alexander the Great and his empire.

Battle of the Little & Big Horns- 8:7-8

Daniel sees the goat with the one horn run into the ram and knock him down "in the fury of his power."

Notice the goat was "moved with choler" against the ram. This means he was angry and revengeful. The Medes and Persians had come against Greece with a 300,000 man army and Alexander the Great hated the Medes and Persians for this. In Dan 8:5 it says Alexander "touched not the ground." Remember in the vision of Daniel in the earlier chapter the Greek empire was represented as a leopard which was very swift. With amazing speed Alexander the Great conquered the know world. It is said he sat down and cried because he had no more worlds to conquer.

The Horn Broken Off: 8:8-9

We see here and know from history that Alexander the Great died at a very young age. "Alexander died in Babylon during a drunken orgy at the age of thirty-two, in 323 B.C." (Willmington's Guide to the Bible, p. 235)

The next notable thing givne here is that the kingdom was divided into four parts. "the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the east, and toward the pleasant land." These four horns were the four generals of Alexander. After his death they divided the kingdom among themselves. Ptolemy took the southern part, Egypt. Seleucus took the eastern part of the kingdom or Syria. The Western division, or Greece, was taken by Cassander and the Northern divison of Asia Minor was ruled by Lysimachus.

In Daniel 8:9 a little horn is seen coming forth out of these four. This is none other than Antiochus Epiphanes (my pronouncing guide An-ty-cus E-pip-a-nees) He came to power in 175 B.C. "Antiochus returned from a humiliating defeat at the hands of the Romans in Egypt in 168 B.C. and took out his frustration on the Jews in Jerusalem. He killed or enslaved many of them and by decree tried to abolish their religious practices. He abolished their laws regarding the sabbath, circumcision, and food restrictions on pan of death and erected an altar to Zeus over the altar of burnt offerings in the Temple." (Layman's Bible Book Commentary, p. 143.)

8:11 He called himself, "Theos Epiphanes" or "God Manifest" and sacrificed a swine on the altar. He also poured swine broth over the instruments in the Temple. This fulfill Daniel 8:12.

8:13-14 gives us a period of three and a half years. "Two thousand three hundred 'evenings and mornings' has been interpreted to mean 2,300 days and also to mean 1,150 days (an evening and a morning being equal to one day), or approximately three and one-half years. Interesting is the fact that Antiochus Epiphanes ruled for 3 1/2 years. (See my notes on Daniel 11:21ff on the following pages for additional treatment of Antiochus)

The Interpretation of the Vision: 8:15-27

Here for the first time in scripture the name of an angel give, Gaberiel. He was sent to help Daniel to understand the vision. There is no doubt left to the vision and to its meaning because of this interpretation.

Notice the highlights of the vision. 8:20-21 "The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia. And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.....four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation." My friends this could not be any clearer and easier to understand.

We can see that this is most amazing and especially so realiozing it was written before the events transpired. Still we need to realize that some will say that it was not written until afterwards. Let me ask and answer this question, "Is there any historic evidence that it was written before it happened?" First let me say that the reason the liberals even make this claim is because the accuracy of this scripture cannot be refuted or discredited. To answer these critics I wish to quote from the Hebrew historian, Flavius Josephus. "And when the Book of Daniel was showed him, wherein Daniel declared that one of the Greeks should destroy the empire of the Persians, he supposed that himself was the person intended." The Life and Works of Josephus, p. 345. My question friends is if Daniel was not written until afterward how did Parmenio, the high priest that meet Alexander the Great, have it to show. What we have here my beloved is "HISTORY WRITTEN BEFORE IT HAPPENED."

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A chronology of the Ungodly Kings. (529-164 B.C.)

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In this section I have chosen to include the scripture that we are looking at. This will allow a greater impact I feel.

11:1 Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.

Here is a most detailed and remarkable portion of Bible prophecy found anywhere in the word of God. The liberal thought is this is such an accurate description of the events therefore it could not have been written when it was, before the events happened, but must have been written after the events had transpired. However, I remind you that our God sees from the beginning till the end of all things and knows all. (see Isaiah 46:10)

Kings of Persia:

11:2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.

Four Persian Kings would rule after Cyrus (Cyrus was ruling at the time Daniel wrote this) and the fourth would be the richest of all. This happened in the following order:

a-Cambyses 529-522

b-Semerdis 522-521

c-Darius Hystaspes 521-486

d-Xerxes 486-465 Xerxes was by far the richest, (see Esther 1:1-12.)

Kings of Greece:

11:3 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. After this a mighty king would rule.

This was Alexander the Great 336-323. We discussed him previously.

11:4 And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.

This king, Alexander the Great, would suddenly die in his prime. His kingdom would not be given to his descendants, but would be divided by outsiders into four sections. This is what happened. Shortly after his death, Philip, his half-brother; Alexander II, his legitmate son; and Hercules, his illegitimate son, were all three murdered and Alexander's four generals took over.

11:5 And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion.

One of the generals, Ptolemy, would begin a southern dynasty in Egypt, and another general, Seleucus, would do the same through a northern dynasty in Syria. Ptolemy ruled from 323-283 and Seleucus from 304-281.

11:6 And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.

These two kings would fight but later their countries would enter into an alliance. Egypt and Syria did make an alliance in 250 BC. It happened after both generals had died when Ptolemy II Philadelphus (283-246), the son of Ptolemy I, gave his daughter Bernice in marriage to Antiochus II Theos (262-246), the grandson of Seleucus. Two years later her father, Ptolemy II, died and her husband Antiochus divorced her and remarried his former wife, whose name was Laodice. Laodice, still bearing a grudge, poisoned Antiochus and had Bernice murdered. She then appointed her son, Seleucus II to become king of Syria. Meanwhile, in Egypt, Bernice's brother, Ptolemy III, succeeded his father on the throne. He ruled from 246-221 B.C. Ptolemy III invaded Syria and revefged his sister's death by executing Laodice. Seleucus II hid out in Asia Minor during this Egyptian invasion.

11:8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the

king of the north.

Ptolemy III then carried away much Syrian loot, including 40,000 talents of silver, and 2500 percious vessels.

11:9 So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land.

In 240 B.C. Seleucus II attempted unsuccessfully to counterattack Ptolemy II in Egypt.

11:10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be styrred up, even to his fortress.

Seleucus died and was succeeded by his son Antiochus III (also know as the Great). Antiochus ruled Syria from 223-187 B.C. Ptolemy III died and was succeeded by his son, Ptolemy IV Philopaton (221-204). These two kings (Antiochus III and Ptolemy IV) met head on in a crucial battle at Raphis in 217 B.C. This battle, where both sides used massive elephants, was won by Ptolemy IV.

11:11 And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given in to his hand. 12 And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it. 13 For the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches. 14 And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south: also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shal l fall. 15 So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand. 16 But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed. 17 He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do: and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him.

In 203 B.C. Ptolemy IV died and was succeeded by Ptoley V Epiphanes (203-181) In 198 Antiochus the Great wrestled control of Palestine from Ptolemy V at a battle ouside of Sidon. In 193 Antiochus the Great gave his daughter Cleopatra to marry Ptolemy V. (Note: this was not the famous Cleopatra of history, for she would not come along until 69 B.C.) The reason for this marriage was to keep Egypt off his flank when he pursued warfare against Rome. Antiochus the Great also hoped Cleoprata would foster Syrian interest in Egypt, for he still secretly planned to conquer Egypt. But Cleopatra turned out to be a loyal wife.

11:18 After this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause it to turn upon him.

Antiochus the Great was at this point joined by the renowned self-exiled Hannibal from Carthage. Together they invaded Greece, but in 188 were completely driven out of that part of the world by Rome.

11:19 Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found.

Antiochus' grandiose plans failed utterly. He died in 187 B.C.

11:20 Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.

His older son, Seleucus IV Philpator (187-176), then ruled but was later murdered by his own prime minister.

11:21 And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by

flatteries.

Antiochus Epiphanes the youngest son of Antiochus the Great then ruled. He is immediately classified as a vile (or contemptible) person by the word of God. His nicknamed was "Epimanes" ("madman") by those who knew his best.

11:22 And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant. 23 And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people. 24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time. 25 And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him. 26 Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain.

In 170 he defeated the Egyptian King Ptolemy Philometor (181-145) at a battle just east of the Nile delta. This young king was his own nephew, for his mother, Cleopatra, was Antiochus' sister. Ptolemy lost his battle because he was betrayed by some of his friends who sat at his own table.

11:27 And both these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed.

Antiochus then took his young nephew to Syria and pretended to befriend him. Neither the uncle nor the nephew trusted each other.

11:28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land. 29 At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter. 30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.

Antiochus had hoped to capture Egypt, but was stopped coldly by the mighty Romans.

11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that make desolate. 32 And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits. 33 And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days. 34 Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries. 35 And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.

This man is the one who polluted the temple by sacrificing the swine on the altar and sprinkling the temple with the broth of the pig and also defiling the priest by making his drink of the pigs broth.

One thing that needs pointed out is that Isreal was caught between the conflicts that went on between Egypt and Syria during this time because Israel is on the finger of land that is used to travel between these two regions of the world. Another interestiung thing is the accuracy of the word of God in the writings of Daniel forecasting the events that were to transpire after his death.

This chronology is incomplete because the rest of chapter 11 is devoted to History yet to happen. We will discuss this section in the final lecture of Daniel as it pertains to the end time prophecy.

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The Unseen Spiritual Battle...10:1-21

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In Daniel 10 we have the unseen spiritual battle that takes place prior to the vision of chapter 11.

10:1 "Third year of Cyrus king of Persia..." We have this vision dated during Cyrus the Persian king and is either 534 or 536 B.C. Again the state of the nation of Israel needs to be understood at this time. To do this we must understand who Cyrus is. We find the prophet Isaiah some 200+ years prior to Daniel (The traditional dates from his ministry are 750-680 B.C. according to Ungers Bible Handbook, p. 306) prophesying concerning this king to come. Isaiah 44:28-45:1. "That saith of Cyrus, He is my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built: and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid."

We now go to the book of Ezra and find that this indeed did come to pass just prior to this vision of Daniel. Ezra 1:1-3 "Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia...the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom...saying...The Lord God of heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth; and he hath charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem..." We see this prophecy was right on the money. (see 2 Chronicles 36:22-23 also) This decree and permission for the Jews to return was given some 2 years prior to the vision. But what was the response of the Jews about returning? Ezra 1:3 tells us they were free to return. Chapter 2 of Ezra tells us that only a few actually returned and Ezra 2:64 given the number as, "The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore." There were some 42,000 who returned which was a small number in relationship to the total number in exile. Daniel did not return because by this time he was over 90 years of age and still held a great deal of power in the kingdom and could serve more of a purpose where he was.

10:3 Daniel was much disturbed and had been fasting for three weeks. He may have been distressed because he knew that 490 years of trouble lay ahead for the Jews and because no more had returned to rebuild Jerusalem.

10:4 This verse gives us the exact date of the vision as Nisan 24th. This is our April 24th. We know that he was standing with some men beside the river called the great river, Hiddekel. This is identified as the Tigrus River.

An Angel Sent to Minister 10:5-21

Mini-Doctrine of Angel

We have need of some understanding of angels before progressing onward. Angels are created beings that God created prior to the creation of the earth. Job 38:4-7. The angels are without number as far as we know. Rev 5:11; Heb 12:22. There are different ranks of angels according to their power and authority. Col 1:16; Eph 1:21.

10:5-6 Some have see this angel here as the Lord Jesus Christ. This may be true but I don't feel that it is because of 10:13 which tells us that he needed help to overcome the prince of Persia. Christ would have needed no help to have overcome an angel of Satan.

10:7 Daniel alone saw this vision. This was also the pattern for the Apostle Paul in Acts 9:7,8 where he alone saw the vision of Christ.

10:8 Daniel says that he was left alone. We know that time alone is key to growth and finding God. Moses went into the desert, Paul had his desert as well. Elijah was alone by the brook and John the Baptist came out of the wilderness. John the Apostle was on the Isle of Patmos with God. These men were never alone but were in the company of God. No greater illustration of this need of being alone with God can be found anywhere than when Christ went into the wilderness. We must remember Satan is not far away also.

10:11 We notice here the reputation of Daniel in Heaven. He was, "A man greatly beloved." (also see 10:19)

Warfare Above the Clouds- 10:12-13

10:12-13 Here for just a glimpse we see the warfare that goes on above in the realm of life unseen with the human eyes. We might ask who is this prince of Persia. Remember there are ranks of angels and I remind us that demons are fallen angels and they too have ranks. This Prince of Persia is a high ranking demon who was stronger than this angel who needed help. 10:13 tells us that he had tried for 3 weeks to get through to tell Daniel the vision but was hindered and had to call for help.

We as God's children have fights that seem to be physical and indeed manifest themselves as such when in fact they are spiritual battles. II Cor 10:3-5 says we do not war in the flesh but it is a spiritual battle.

There is another classic illustration of this warfare given us in the word of God. In II Kings 6:8-18 where Elisha and his servant were surrounded by the king of Syria (6:8, 14) Elisha asked God to open the servants eyes so he could see.

Ministry of the Angel 10:18-19

M.R. DeHaan, teacher on the Radio Bible Class for more than 27 years, said concerning ministry of angels, "It is well for us to remember that round about us in the atmosphere, observing our behavior and conduct and standing ready to help those who belong to the Lord Jesus Christ, are great myriads of angelic beings." (Daniel the Prophet p. 271)

Heb 1:13-14 says concerning angels,

"But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation."

So we can see that angels are spirits to protect, encourage and strengthen us. This is what they did here for Daniel.

Back to the Fight 10:20-21

The angel says he has to return to the fight against the Prince of Persia. Notice also that he says that the Prince of Grecia shall come. I remind us that this is to be the next world empire that would come on the scene and Satan was already throwing support to the demon over Persia with this helper.

Lest we be discouraged:

We must remember a couple of things from this section so we will be strong for the battle. First is related to our prayer life. Notice in 10:12 that the angel the first day of Daniel's prayer set out to come. Our prayer life is a spiritual warfare. Some think that pray is what we start and end our services on Sunday with but it is more. Rom 15:30 says we "Strive together" which comes from the greek word SUNAGONIZOM which means to agonize. Second remember I John 4:4 "Greater is he that is in you than he that is in the world."

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Prophecy of the End Times.....11:36-12:13

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We come to the end of what I trust has been a very meaningful and insightful journey through the book of Daniel. It has in no way been an exhaustive study, nor was that ever the intent. I trust that we have grown not only in our knowledge but in our trust and relationship with the Lord during this study.

As we come to the end there are a lot of loose ends that are left to cover. We will deal with the prophecy of the end times during this lecture. This is such a wide subject that some men spend their entire lifetime in exposition of it. We have not this luxury of time. We want to look at four important end time prophecies and some of the signs of the times given in Daniel. We will look at the Anti-Christ, Israel, the Battle of Gog and Magog and the Tribulation Period during this session.

The Anti-Christ To Come:

The Anti-Christ is a word that sends shock waves through a lot of hearts. The Anti-Christ however is simply Satans imitation of the real Christ. Satan has always had as his objective the derailing of the plan of God and Christ. He is the master imitator. The Anti-Christ will suddenly appear on the scene like the real Christ did. Daniel 11:21 says he will come in peaceful. (See Revelation 6:1-2) There is much written in scripture concerning the Anti-Christ such as in II Thessalonians 2:9-11. He will enter into a peace treaty with Israel and champion their cause for a short time. He will in fact be in the land of Palestine for the invasion of Russia and the Nations to the south against Israel.

11:36 He shall do everything according to his own will. Rev 13:17; 17:13 God will allow him to prosper during the tribulation. God is still in control.

11:37 He will have nor regard for the God of his fathers. In fact no organized religion will be tolerated. He will destroy the Great Harlot in Rev 17:5-6. The great harlot is the world religious system.

The Battle of Gog and Magog

11:40 In the tribulation time the Anti-Christ will conquer and but not without conflict. In the latter days of the tribulation he will be attacked by the king of the south and the king of the north. This is known as the battle of God and Magog and is found in Ezek 38:1-6.

Bible scholars agree that Tosh and Mersheck linguistically and logically can be identified as Russia and Moscow. A line drawn on a map due north from Jerusalem passes within 10 miles of Moscow. There is also an invasion from the south by Egypt. This attack will be amphibious and a land attack. There will be several allies involved in this attack as well. Ezek 38:19-22 and 39:4 teaches us that Russia will be destroyed by God. .

11:41 Here we see he will occupy the land of Palestine. Except for Edom an Moab. There is an interesting thought connected with this found in Rev. 12:14. Petra is located in this unoccupied area and many think Petra will be a safe haven for the Jews from the Anti-Christ.

11:42-43 The Anti-Christ will then march and conquer Egypt. He will have the spoils of the land for himself.

11:44 There is a rumor that the Anti-Christ hears that causes him to return to Palestine. There are many thought on what this can be including a Jewish uprising, the invasion of the 200,000,000 man army found in Rev 9:16. Some think it might be the Jews fleeing to Petra.

11:45 The Anti-Christ is apparently successful in defeating the attackers and will reign until the coming of the true Christ in Rev 19.

The Nation of Israel

We have seen a little concerning the Nation of Israel during this time. They will be protected by God we know. We notice in 12:1 that Michael, the archangel is the protector of the Children of Israel.

12:4 Daniel is told to seal up these words until the end time. I feel that a lot of this is revealed in the book of the Revelation. We are and have been in the end times for a long time my friends.

The Signs of the Times 12:4

There are a couple of interesting things found in this verse. There is two prophecies I feel have come to pass in the last 50 years. They are speed and knowledge. Speed has increased many time over in the last few year. Man can travel at amazing speeds now compared to 50 years ago.

Sir Issac Newton in 1680 said concerning this prophecy.

"Personally I cannot help but believe that these words refer to the end of the times. Men will travel from country to country in and unprecedented manner." He went on to say that speed might even reach 50+ miles an hour. 80 years later the French atheist, Voltaire upon reading Newton comments said, "See what a fool Christianity makes of an otherwise brilliant man! Here a scientist like Newton actually writes that men may travel at the rate of 30 or 40 m.p.h. Has he forgotten that if man would travel at this rate he would be suffocated? His heart would stand still!"

My friends the launches that take place every day almost today of the space shuttle exceed 50 miles an hour. In fact on June 3, 1965 Edward H. White strolled across America in fifteen minutes during a space walk at 17,500 m.p.h. On the trip to the moon men traveled two times as fast as a 22 bullet. We are constantly aware of the supersonic speed of fighter jets and the space shuttle.

Now to the increase of knowledge. We can look at the rapid advancement in technology today and see that this has dramatically come to pass. We are learning more at a faster pace than we can process the information. Knowledge is doubling at an every increasing rate.

The Tribulation Period 12:5-13

There is a lot to say about the tribulation period that will have to remain untouched during this lecture. We will look at the three time periods given us in the text however and seek to understand them. There was an angel listening and ask how long this tribulation period will last.

12:7 gives us a period of time, times and a half time. This total is 1260 days. This is interpreted as 3 1/2 years. This is referring to the last 1/2 of the great tribulation. We know that "a time" elsewhere in Daniel was used to refer to years. (See Daniel 4:16, 23, 25, 32).

12:11 gives us the 1260 days plus 30 addition ones for a total of 1290 days. Why the addition 30? Harold Willmington says, "Although we cannot be dogmatic, it would seem reasonable to conclude that an additional month will be needed here to carry out the sheep and goat judgment mentioned in Matthew 25:31-46" (Willmington's Guide to the Bible, p. 243.)

You will also notice that the start of this time frame is, "from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up.."

This is the temple being overtaken by the Anti-Christ and desecrated. (See Matthew 24:15)

12:12 This period of time is 1335 days. 45 more days are added. This has been suggested as being the time that will be used to set up the millennium government for the 1000 years to come.

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© 2000 Dr. Edgar Pierce